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16 January 2019

DEADLINE EXTENDED: Identity, Citizenship and Legal History. XXVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians (Brussels, 5-8 JUN 2019); DEADLINE 15 FEB 2019

Identity, Citizenship and Legal History
XXVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians
Brussels, 5 – 8 June 2019
(image source: Wikimedia Commons)
Historically, the concept of citizenship encompassed three distinct, yet interconnected dimensions. The first and foremost dimension was of a legal nature: citizenship was a legal status which allowed one to act freely in accordance with the law and, when necessary, to claim its protection. In its second dimension citizenship presupposed one’s active participation in society’s political institutions. And last, though certainly not least, citizenship was closely linked to membership of a specific community that provided a distinct source of identity. All three dimensions were closely related to each other. This can perhaps be most aptly exemplified in the ancient boast of ‘Civis romanus sum!’, which encapsulated simultaneously a plea for legal rights, a republican sense of duty, and a distinctly Roman feeling of the imperial pride. Since the nineteenth century, these dimensions have been linked predominantly to the modern nation-state, a model which is nowadays increasingly challenged on the internal as well as the external level. Internally, many states are seen to be struggling with federalism, separatist movements, legacies of colonialism and right-wing identity politics. Externally, today’s governments are confronted with issues, such as climate change, demographic shifts, migration streams and a global and interdependent economic system, that require international cooperation or even supranational institutions.
The XXVth Annual Forum of the Young Legal Historians aims to shed light on these questions by looking at the legal history of the closely intertwined concepts of citizenship and legal history. Throughout history, citizenship and identity has been defined in different ways and at different levels. For instance, in antiquity the often smallish Greek poleis could hardly be compared to the expansive Roman Empire. Medieval life in Europe consisted of a feudal patchwork of kingdoms, principalities and free city-states, yet all were considered part of Christendom. Identity could also be determined by social class (e.g. aristocratic families) or by profession (e.g. the guilds). The nineteenth century saw the rise of nationalism and revolution, whilst at the same time European powers expanded their colonial empires. Despite these evolutions, it cannot be denied that there is also much continuity to be found. Although diversity and globalisation have reached an unprecedented scale and form today, these phenomena are not entirely new. Each era has had its international relations, its trades, wars, economic discrepancies, migrants and refugees.
There is, in short, enough reason to expect that we can learn from history. Such an endeavour necessitates a multidisciplinary approach since legal constructions can be fully appreciated only when combined with insights from the related fields of history, philosophy, political science and sociology. Therefore, the organizers welcome both traditional approaches in legal history and methodologically innovative research.
If you would like to present a paper during the conference, please send an application including an abstract of not more than 250 words and your CV to aylh2019@gmail.com before 15 February 2019. It is also possible to apply for a full panel. In that case, your proposal should also include, in addition to individual paper proposals, an abstract introducing the theme of the panel. Presentations have to be in English and should not exceed 20 minutes each. The conference fee will be € 100,- and does not include accommodation. Further information about the upcoming forum can be found at the website of the conference. Information about the Association of Young Legal Historians and the past Annual Forums is available at the AYLH-website.
                                        
(Source: ESCLH-blog)

4 January 2019

Felicitaties van de Redactie

De redactie feliciteert de laureaat van de TPR-Prijs (Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht), Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde, voor zijn artikel "Justice ou liberté ? De impact van de Eerste Wereldoorlog op het Belgische privaatrecht". Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde deelt de eerste plaats met Michael de Potter de ten Broeck en zijn bijdrage “De overmachts- en de imprevisieleer: één gespleten persoonlijkheid?”.

Sinds 1989 wordt jaarlijks de Prijs van het Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht uitgereikt. De TPR-Prijs geldt als aanmoediging voor een jonge jurist(e) die de beste rechtsvergelijkende bijdrage van de afgelopen jaargang in het tijdschrift heeft geschreven. De prijs bedraagt thans 2.500 euro.
Meer informatie op de TPR-Prijs hier


La rédaction félicite Sebastiaan Vandenbogaerde, lauréat du prix TPR (Tijdschrijft voor Privaatrecht) avec son article "Justice ou liberté ? De impact van de Eerste Wereldoorlog op het Belgische privaatrecht". Sebastiaan partage la première place avec Michael de Potter de ten Broeck et sa contribution "De overmachts- en de imprevisieleer: één gespleten persoonlijkheid? ".

Depuis 1989, un prix est décerné par le Tijdschrift voor Privaatrecht chaque année. Le prix TPR récompense un(e) jeune juriste pour sa contribution parue dans la revue durant l'année écoulée. Le prix est actuellement de 2 500 euros.
Plus d'information sur le prix TPR ici


3 January 2019

JOURNAL: Tijdschrift voor Rechtsgeschiedenis/Revue d'Histoire du Droit/Legal History Review LXXXVI (2018), Issue 3-4 (December)

Mededeling van de Dagelijkse Redactie – Avis du Comité de Rédaction – Announcement of the Editorial Committee
Women in twelfth-century English lawsuits (Raoul C. van Caenegem)
Notwithstanding that the role of women in law courts could be expected to be modest for the Middle Ages, a perusal of lawsuits of the 12th century produced even a lesser proportion than expected.
Zum Anwendungsbereich des senatusconsultum Neronianum im Falle des Vindikationslegats fremder Sachen (Lisa Isola)
Das römische Vermächtnisrecht ist von zahlreichen Formalismen geprägt und öffnete sich erst nach und nach einer stärker materiellen Betrachtungsweise, die schließlich in der justinianischen Formfreiheit mündete. Das senatusconsultum Neronianum de legatis gilt dabei als erster Schritt einer Annäherung zwischen den einzelnen Legatstypen1, welche zunächst ganz unterschied­lichen Voraussetzungen unterlagen und damit in der Praxis offenbar erheb­liche Schwierigkeiten bereiteten. So war es nach ius civile insbesondere nicht ­möglich, Gegenstände mittels Vindikationslegat zu vermachen, die nicht im Eigentum des Erblassers standen; ein Beschaffungslegat in Form eines Damnationslegats hingegen war durchaus wirksam. Hier setzte die Bestimmung
Local traditions v. academic law: collateral rights on movables in Holland (c. 1300-c. 1700) (Dave De ruysscher & Ilya Kotlar)
In the County of Holland, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the rules regarding security interests in movables changed fundamentally. Rules of doctrine came to be combined with rules found in local law, that is the bylaws of cities and regions. This went together with the re-interpreting of fragments of older bylaws. In 1631 Grotius’ Inleidinghe categorized the lien of the unpaid seller after delivery of the merchandise sold as entailing a reivindicatio. This new rule was adopted in cities in Holland, even though it ran counter the earlier approach that third-party effects of sales in this regard were very limited. Also, the new line of thought that holders with a legitimate title did not respond to pledgees pushed out older conceptions on tracing for some special pledges. In their legal writings Dutch authors after Grotius attempted to construe consistent solutions; in the legislative practice of cities, older rules could be preferred over new ones. Bylaws of cities, to which authors of Roman-Dutch doctrine referred as well, stipulated limits on tracing by unpaid sellers. All the mentioned developments were not determined by changes in the market, even though they could be incited by them. Legal change in Holland, even in the Golden Age of the seventeenth century, was due more to the embracing of academic ideas than to responsiveness to economic conditions.
Patent and innovation during the Industrial Revolution in England. Reflections on Josiah Wedgwood (1730-1795) (Deming Liu)
The article explores the role of patent or lack thereof in Josiah Wedgwood’s business. It first discusses the motive behind his opposition of extension of Richard Champion’s patent and then delves into his defence of his own patent in the dispute with the alleged infringer. It aims to show the incongruence of words and deeds of a tradesman with respect to patents; more importantly, it sets out to demonstrate that the claim of patent as an incentivising measure does not bear out as far as Wedgwood is concerned; rather, it is lack of patent protection that facilitates innovation in his pottery business.
Entrenchment Clauses in the History of Modern Constitutionalism (Michael Hein)
This article examines the origins, differentiation, and migration of constitutional entrenchment clauses from the beginning of modern constitutionalism until today. It is based on a broad understanding of ‘entrenchment clauses,’ covering all constitutional provisions that make amendments either to certain parts of a constitution or under certain circumstances more difficult to achieve than ‘normal’ amendments or even impossible, i.e., legally inadmissible. In particular, the article answers three questions: (1) When, and in which contexts, did the different types of constitutional entrenchment clauses emerge? (2) How have these types spread globally? (3) Which constitutional subjects do such clauses protect, and thus, which main functions do they aim to fulfill? The article is based on the new and unique Constitutional Entrenchment Clauses Dataset (CECD), which comprises 860 written national constitutions worldwide from 1776 until the end of 2015.
‘Strasbourg was something new, it was an adventure’. A history of the Belgian cases before the European Court of Human Rights in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s (Laurens Lavrysen)
Abstract:
In recent years, a burgeoning literature has focused on the history of human rights in general and the history of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) in particular. In order to understand how the ECHR gradually managed to gain authority in diverse national settings, it is necessary to complement transnational historical perspectives with studies of national reception histories. The present article approaches the history of the ECHR in Belgium by focusing on the history of the Belgian cases in Strasbourg, which have played an important role in contributing to the ‘discovery’ of the ECHR in the Belgian legal system. On the basis of interviews with actors involved in the early cases against Belgium, it was possible to determine their position in the Belgian legal landscape as well as their motivations and aspirations in going to Strasbourg. Moreover, these interviews allowed gaining insight into the circumstances out of which litigation against Belgium arose.
Book reviews:
  • Kille mist. Het Nederlandse notariaat en de erfenis van de oorlog, written by R. Schütz, 2016 (P.L. Nève)
Nécrologie In memoriam Johannes Antonius Eligius Kuijs, 1952-2018 (Jan Hallebeek)
 
(Source: ESCLH-blog & Brill)

19 December 2018

BOEK: Jan VERSTRAETE, René Victor 1897-1984: Strijder voor het Vlaamse rechtsleven. Biografie

Beschrijving

René Victor (1897-1984) was niet alleen veruit de belangrijkste Vlaamse advocaat van zijn tijd, hij was ook een vooraanstaande getuige en actor van de Vlaamse Beweging in de waanzinnige 20ste eeuw.

Hij liep school in het Antwerpse atheneum, waar vele later bekende flaminganten hun broek slijtten. Samen met boezemvriend Paul van Ostaijen, raakte hij tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog betrokken bij het activisme.
 


Tijdens het interbellum klom hij al snel op de sociale ladder van de Antwerpse advocatuur: van openingsredenaar van de Vlaamse Conferentie, naar voorzitter ervan, van lid van de tuchtraad tot stafhouder. In elke functie streed hij voor de vernederlandsing van de instellingen. Hij splitste de unitaire Fédération des Avocats belges, en richtte de invloedrijke Vlaamse Juristenvereniging op.

In 1931 richtte hij het Rechtskundig Weekblad op, waarmee hij – met succes – de Vlaamse politici bij de les te hield om te komen tot de wet op het taalgebruik in gerechtszaken die de integrale vernederlandsing van het rechtsleven in Vlaamderen inhield.

Hij streed eveneens voor een volledig zelfstandige Vlaamse Academie voor Kunsten Wetenschappen en Letteren en werd er in 1939 een van de eerste leden van.

Na WO II verdedigde hij politieke en intellectuele tenoren van de collaboratie zoals Hendrik Borginon, Gerard Romsée, Victor Leemans, Filip De Pillecyn, Jef Van Hoof en honderden anderen.

Over de auteur

Jan Verstraete (1944) is sinds 1968 advocaat. Hij werd in Antwerpen voorzitter van de Vlaamse Conferentie bij de Balie (1986) en was stafhouder van de Orde van Advocaten (1996-1998). Hij publiceerde meerdere artikels en boeken omtrent de geschiedenis van de Antwerpse advocatuur. Hij schreef Geschiedenis van de Vlaamse Conferentie bij de Balie te Antwerpen, 1960-1985 (1990), De Jodenverordeningen en de Antwerpse Balie, historische studie (2001) en Het grote verzwijgen: een schets van het leven van Edgar Boonen (2013).

(Source: Boekenroute

10 December 2018

OPEN ACCESS JOURNAL: C@hiers du CRHIDI 41 (2018) [Gens de robe, gens de guerre : ordre public et ordre social; Actes des Journées Internationales de Bruxelles, Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands, picards et wallons 2016]

(image source: ULiege)

Contents:

En mémoire de Philippe Annaert (Éric Bousmar, Stanislas Horvat, Catherine Lecomte & Emese K. E. von Boné)

De quelques aspects juridiques et sociétaux des sépultures des soldats dans l’ancienne Rome (Arnaud Paturet)
Abstract:
Despite of their military condition and the relation to death resulting from their profession, the funeral rites of Roman soldiers were similar to those of civilians as part of a unified ideology regarding death that implied that the status of tombs was unique. Graves were all considered religious places or res religiosae because they contained dead bodies. Of course mass deaths caused difficulties due to the necessity to identify each individual. Indeed, the burial process implied ideally to identificate the dead to promote his memory. The graves were usually located not far from the cantonment sites, but some deceased planned to repatriate their bodies to their homeland to facilitate family worship. Finally, soldiers who died in combat could be honored with a cenotaphium or empty tomb whose legal status remains controversial.

Rétablir l’ordre au comté de Bourgogne. L’action des réformateurs d’Eudes IV en 1337 et 1343-1344 (Sylve Le Strat-Lelong)
Abstract:
Eudes IV, at the same time duke and count of Burgundy from 1330 to 1349, instituted twice “réformateurs” in the county, judges and investigators in charge of correcting the abuses of the officers in the domain. He introduced into the province a French royal practice, which he himself used in his duchy. The judicial power of these commissioners was mainly exercised over provosts, brought to all excesses and penalized by heavy fines. It also extended to ordinary litigants and could replace that of Parliament. The operation, not only financially very profitable for the prince, also had a great symbolic load, allowing this one to assert his power in Franche-Comté in a troubled context of noble opposition. Therefore, it amply participated in the construction of the State implemented by Eudes IV in the county of Burgundy during his reign.

Recherche sur le conseiller-commissaire au parlement de Flandre (Renaud Limelette)
Quand la robe se révolte : la désobéissance des magistrats du parlement de Flandre aux ordres de Louis XIV (Sébastien Dubois)
Abstract:
After he gained an important part of the Southern Netherlands in 1668, Louis XIV created a sovereign court in Tournai to administer justice in the newly conquered territories. The court obtained the title of parliament in 1686 and its jurisdiction evolved as a consequence of the numerous wars and treaties in the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Because of the War of Spanish Succession, the parliament moved to Cambrai in 1709 and in Douai in 1714. Although the monarch had solemnly promised to maintain the local particularities in the capitulation acts of the main cities, he insidiously attempted to introduce the French legal rules into the judicial practice of the northern territories of the kingdom. Justice is a fundamental institution allowing gradually the assimilation of conquered territories, just as army, administration or Church. Thus the criminal ordinance of 1670 was sent to the court in order to amend the rules of criminal procedure and other statutes came to impose the repressive policies to be followed. Historiography generally presents the parliament of Flanders’ magistrates as obedient to the royal power. However judicial archives revealed two examples of manifest disobedience to Louis XIV’s orders. Applying the ancient customs of the Netherlands is here a good way for the councillors to give priority to their financial interests.

Les différents types de fief dans la principauté de Liège suivant Charles de Méan (Benoît Lagasse)
Abstract:
This text speaks about the different kinds of feudal goods in the principalty of Liège. To achieve this goal, the two first observationes of Charles de Méan’s biggest book are analyzed. These observationes are then compared with other sources of the law of Liège. Finally, the law of Liège is compared with the law of other countries within the same geographic area in order to determine the specificity of the law of Liège.

Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858) et la liberté de la presse vers 1820 (Raphael Cahen)
Abstract:
Joseph-Marie Portalis (1778-1858) had been a diplomat, a judge and a deputy. Since his emigration in the Holstein, he was enthusiast about German philosophy and Kantianism. As a moderate conservative he was in favour of reform respecting the spirit of the time and the French Charte of 1814. That can be well analysed regarding the law upon the freedom of the Press of 1828 which carry his name.

La neutralité permanente de la Belgique et l’histoire du droit international : quelques jalons pour la recherche (Frederik Dhondt)
Abstract:
The mandatory status of Belgium’s “permanent” neutrality (1830-1919) is an object of legal as well as historical research. Narratives in both disciplines often link an attitude of abstention in armed conflict and a certain impetus for the advancement of the cause of international law and institutions. However, any analysis should start from the conceptual pedigree of permanent neutrality. The instauration of a “permanent” neutrality cannot be seen but as a derogation, or at best a transformation of the concept of “voluntary” neutrality, established in early modern state practice. Neutrality cannot be conceived without an ongoing conflict between two third states. Rendering the restrictions of voluntary neutrality permanent, even when no conflict between third parties is around, equals restraining the sovereign freedom of an actor in the international system. Abstention, impartiality and military credibility were imposed on Belgium. As a counterparty, the Great Powers undertook a collective guarantee. In reality, only the United Kingdom displayed its determination to intervene in case of a violation of Belgium’s (European) territory. The vague and uncertain legal aspects (joint or individual guarantee, limited to civilised nations ?) and the movements of a political chessboard in constant flux fragilized what should have been a protection or a certainty, rather than a source of worries. Diplomatic practice should be reinterpreted using this legal, conceptual and historical explanatory grid, close to the actors’ preoccupations.

De la caserne aux maisons closes : la réglementation de la prostitution au profit de l’institution militaire (1900-1939) (Hélène Duffuler-Vialle)
Abstract:
From the Revolution to 1946, France was reglementarist, i.e. prostitution, thought of as a necessary evil, was regulated by local regulations, harmonized by ministerial injunctions. While prostitution clients are generally not subject to any specific treatment by the regulatory authority, military clients are an exception. Indeed, some regulatory provisions concern them. This clientele is considered particularly vulnerable in a context of Nation in Danger where syphilis represents a national risk. At the end of the 19th century and until 1916, a policy of preventive sex education was organized among soldiers, where chastity was presented as the best guarantee. Pragmatically, the brothel is considered the best way to control the sexuality of soldiers and prevent them from contracting venereal diseases. Thus, on one hand, the military institution fights against clandestine prostitution and, on the other hand, obstructs the establishment of an abolitionist or semi-abolitionist system in the few cities that try to install it. Regulation was adapted to military needs and from 1916 onwards, there was no longer any question of revising the system but of strengthening its prophylactic effectiveness. In this context, the military authority is occasionally called upon to deal with specific legal issues : is there a right of access to brothels for the military ? Do women in prostitution have the right to refuse clients ? What about racial discrimination ?

This issue contains the peer reviewed versions of the papers presented at the International Days 2016 of the Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia, organised by the Committee for Legal History of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Sciences and the Arts, the Royal Military School, the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (CORE), the Université libre de Bruxelles (CHDAJ) and the Université Saint-Louis (Centre de Recherches en Histoire du Droit et des Institutions), see earlier on this blog.

The fulltext of all articles can be consulted here.

7 December 2018

CALL FOR PAPERS: XXVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians Brussels, 5 – 8 June 2019

Identity, Citizenship and Legal History
XXVth Annual Forum of Young Legal Historians
Brussels, 5 – 8 June 2019


Historically, the concept of citizenship encompassed three distinct, yet interconnected dimensions. The first and foremost dimension was of a legal nature: citizenship was a legal status which allowed one to act freely in accordance with the law and, when necessary, to claim its protection. In its second dimension citizenship presupposed one’s active participation in society’s political institutions. And last, though certainly not least, citizenship was closely linked to membership of a specific community that provided a distinct source of identity. All three dimensions were closely related to each other. This can perhaps be most aptly exemplified in the ancient boast of ‘Civis romanus sum!’, which encapsulated simultaneously a plea for legal rights, a republican sense of duty, and a distinctly Roman feeling of the imperial pride. Since the nineteenth century, these dimensions have been linked predominantly to the modern nation-state, a model which is nowadays increasingly challenged on the internal as well as the external level. Internally, many states are seen to be struggling with federalism, separatist movements, legacies of colonialism and right-wing identity politics. Externally, today’s governments are confronted with issues, such as climate change, demographic shifts, migration streams and a global and interdependent economic system, that require international cooperation or even supranational institutions.

The XXVth Annual Forum of the Young Legal Historians aims to shed light on these questions by looking at the legal history of the closely intertwined concepts of citizenship and legal history. Throughout history, citizenship and identity has been defined in different ways and at different levels. For instance, in antiquity the often smallish Greek poleis could hardly be compared to the expansive Roman Empire. Medieval life in Europe consisted of a feudal patchwork of kingdoms, principalities and free city-states, yet all were considered part of Christendom. Identity could also be determined by social class (e.g. aristocratic families) or by profession (e.g. the guilds). The nineteenth century saw the rise of nationalism and revolution, whilst at the same time European powers expanded their colonial empires. Despite these evolutions, it cannot be denied that there is also much continuity to be found. Although diversity and globalisation have reached an unprecedented scale and form today, these phenomena are not entirely new. Each era has had its international relations, its trades, wars, economic discrepancies, migrants and refugees.

There is, in short, enough reason to expect that we can learn from history. Such an endeavour necessitates a multidisciplinary approach since legal constructions can be fully appreciated only when combined with insights from the related fields of history, philosophy, political science and sociology. Therefore, the organizers welcome both traditional approaches in legal history and methodologically innovative research.

If you would like to present a paper during the conference, please send an application including an abstract of not more than 250 words and your CV to aylh2019@gmail.com before 15 January 2019. It is also possible to apply for a full panel. In that case, your proposal should also include, in addition to individual paper proposals, an abstract introducing the theme of the panel. Presentations have to be in English and should not exceed 20 minutes each. The conference fee will be € 100,- and does not include accommodation. Further information about the upcoming forum can be found at the website of the conference. Information about the Association of Young Legal Historians and the past Annual Forums is available at the AYLH-website.

This conference received the generous support of the Committee for Legal History of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts and of the Young Academy:




3 December 2018

BOEK: Stanislas HORVAT, De vervolging van militairrechtelijke delicten tijdens Wereldoorlog I (Brussel: ASP/VUBPress, 2018), 426 p. ISBN 9789057188343, € 34,95 [Derde herziene uitgave en Engelse vertaling]

(bron afbeelding: ASP/VUBPRess)


Over het boek:
Deze publicatie is de eerste diepgaande studie van het Belgisch militair gerecht tijdens Wereldoorlog I. De werking van het krijgsgerecht wordt gedetailleerd beschreven en geëvalueerd aan de hand van een omvangrijk onderzoek van nooit eerder bestudeerde archiefdocumenten van het auditoraat-generaal en van het krijgshof, waaronder meer dan 300 omzendbrieven van de auditeur-generaal, ongeveer 5500 arresten en bijna 1000 dossiers van het krijgshof. De strafrechtelijke procedure, van onderzoek tot strafuitvoering, wordt volledig uiteengezet aan de hand van wetgeving, rechtspraak, rechtsleer, omzendbrieven en een groot aantal publicaties. De praktijk van het krijgsgerecht en de betekenis ervan voor de soldaten worden genuanceerd weergegeven en geanalyseerd via een aantal centrale vragen, die o.m. de taalkwestie en de sociale verhoudingen in het leger en in het krijgsgerecht aansnijden, maar ook de impact van de oorlogsontwikkelingen op de rechtspraktijk, de rol van de militaire overheden, de verhouding krijgshof-krijgsraden enz. Dit werk is een verhelderende studie voor al wie inzicht wil hebben in de vervolging van de militairrechtelijke delicten tijdens Wereldoorlog I en verschijnt nu in een derde, herziene editie.
Over de auteur:
 Stanislas Horvat is hoogleraar en hoofd van de Leerstoel Recht van de Koninklijke Militaire School en wetenschappelijk medewerker van de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel. Hij is bestuurder van het Studiecentrum voor Militair Recht en Oorlogsrecht en van de International Society for Military Law and the Law of War en secretaris van het Wetenschappelijk Comité Rechtsgeschiedenis van de Koninklijke Vlaamse Academie van België voor Kunsten en Wetenschappen.
English version:
This publication is the first in-depth study of the Belgian military court during World War I. Martial law application and procedures are described in detail and evaluated on the basis of a comprehensive study of previously unexamined archive documents from the Attorney General's Office and the Military Court, including more than 300 Attorney General's circulars, about 5,500 judgments and nearly 1,000 Military Court cases. Criminal procedure, from inquiry to execution, is fully explained through statutes, jurisprudence, circulars and a large number of scientific publications. Martial law practice and its significance for the soldiers are briefly presented and analysed through a number of key questions addressing the language issue and social relations in the army, but also the legal impact of the war, the roles played by military authorities, the relationship between armed forces, etc. This volume contains an enlightening study for all those who want an insight into the prosecution of the military law crimes during World War I
On the author:
 Dr. Stanislas Horvat is professor and head of the Chair of Law at the Belgian Royal Military Academy and affiliated researcher at the Faculty of Law and Criminology of the Free University of Brussels (Vrije Universiteit Brussel). He is member of the board of directors and director of publications of the International Society for Military Law and the Law of War, member of the managing board of the Belgian Military Law and the Law of War Centre and secretary of the Scientific Committee of Legal History of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts.
Meer informatie over de (derde, herziene) Nederlandstalige versie hier.
More information on the English version here.

29 November 2018

CALL FOR PAPERS: Journées internationales d'histoire du droit et des institutions à Audenarde, 31 mai-1er juin 2019 [Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands, picards et wallons]



(image source: oudenaarde.be)


International Days of the Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia
Oudenaarde, 31 May & 1 June 2019

The Society for Legal and Institutional History of Flanders, Picardy and Wallonia holds its annual "International days" on 31 May and the 1st of June in Oudenaarde (Belgium).

The theme of the conference is: « Vie et mort » (“Life & Death”)

The general theme of the “International Days” incorporates numerous historic and legal aspects of life and death. For example, ceremonies and customs regarding life and death (e.g. baptism, religious or civil wedding, funeral), civil law subjects (e.g. legal status, property law, etc.) or criminal law subjects (death penalty, pardon), life and death during wars (killed soldiers, shot soldiers, extermination camps, etc.), ...

This general theme does not exclude papers about other subjects regarding legal history or institutional history.

Presentations can be held in French, English or Dutch. Speakers have to send a summary to the organization (in French and/or English).

The conference will take place on Friday 31 May 2019 starting at 10 a.m. and on Saturday 1st of June 2019 starting at 9.30 a.m. in the conference room of the former convent of the Black sisters of Oudenaarde, Pamelekerkplein 4, 9700 Oudenaarde (along the Scheldt river, see: 

Lunches and dinner will be served in a restaurant in the city centre.

The General Assembly of the Society will be held on Saturday 1 June after the sessions.

The detailed programme will be sent to the participants later. Participants have to register by sending the attached registration form by e-email to guido.lambeets@mil.be or by mail to M. Guido Lambeets, Royal Military Academy – SCGW, avenue de la Renaissance 30, 1000 Brussels (Belgium).

Proposals can be sent before 15 April 2019 to Stanislas HORVAT by e-mail (shorvat@skynet.be).

The registration fee amounts to 25 € (for documentation and coffee). Lunches on Friday and Saturday are 30 € p.p. each. Dinner on Friday evening is 60 € per person. The  total amount should be paid at the same moment as the registration on the bank account of  the Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands picards et wallons:

IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB

If it is difficult to pay in advance, it will be possible to pay cash at the start of the conference Be aware that checks are no longer accepted in Belgium.

Participants will have to make their hotel reservation. A city map and a list of hotels will be sent by email to the participants after registration.

We all hope to welcome you in Oudenaarde in May.

Best regards,

The Board,

The President,                                                The Secretary General,
Emese von BÓNÉ                                        Christian PFISTER

The Vicepresidents,                                       The Treasurer,
Tanguy LE MARC’HADOUR                     Pascal HEPNER
Michael MILO
Stanislas HORVAT





Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands, picards et wallons


Journées internationales d'histoire du droit et des institutions
Internationale rechtshistorische dagen
International Days for Legal and Institutional History
OUDENAARDE, 30/05/2019-01/06/2019

 

FORMULAIRE D'INSCRIPTION/ INSCHRIJVINGSFORMULIER/REGISTRATION FORM

 



À envoyer avant le 15 mai 2019 par courriel à/ Vóór 15 mei 2019 per e-mail te sturen aan/To be sent by e-mail before 15 May 2019 to: guido.lambeets@mil.be

Par courrier/Per post/By normal mail : M. Guido Lambeets, Ecole Royale Militaire–SCGW, avenue de la Renaissance 30, 1000 Bruxelles (Belgique/België/Belgium).



Madame/Mevrouw/Mrs – Monsieur/Mijnheer/Mr:

Adresse/Adres/Address :


Téléphone portable/Gsm/Cell phone:

E-mail :


Droit d’inscription/Inschrijving/Registration fee                                                 25 €

Lunch vendredi/vrijdag/Friday 31/05/19             
Nombre de personnes/Aantal personen/Number of persons :          …… x 30 €     Total : …. €

Lunch samedi/zaterdag/Saturday 01/06/19         
Nombre de personnes/Aantal personen/Number of persons :          …… x 30 €     Total : …. €

Diner/Dinner vendredi soir/vrijdagavond/Friday night
Nombre de personnes/Aaantal personen/Number of persons :         …… x 60 €     Total : …. €
                                   

Total à payer/Te betalen eindbedrag/Total amount to be paid:                                     …. 


Au compte bancaire  /Op bankrekening/On bank account :
IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB


Au nom de la Société / Op naam van / Account holder :

Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions
des pays flamands, picards et wallons 
(fondée à Lille en 1929)

Journées internationales d'histoire du droit et des institutions
AUDENARDE, 31 mai et 1er juin 2019


Madame, Monsieur,

Les journées internationales d'histoire du droit et des institutions auront lieu cette année à Audenarde (Oudenaarde, Belgique), les 30  mai et 1er juin 2019.

Le thème qui a été retenu par le bureau de la Société est le suivant :

« La vie et la mort »

Le thème des Journées permet de couvrir de nombreux aspects de la vie et de la mort, tant historiques que juridiques. Citons, à titre d’exemple, les rites et coutumes de la vie et de la mort (p.ex. le baptême, le mariage religieux ou civil, l’enterrement), des matières de droit civil (p.ex. le statut de la personne, le droit patrimonial, etc.) ou de droit pénal (la peine de mort, la grâce), la vie et la mort pendant les guerres (soldats tombés au champ d’honneur, les fusillés, les camps d’extermination, etc.), ...

Ce thème général n’exclut pas, par ailleurs, la possibilité de communiquer sur d’autres sujets d’histoire du droit, de la justice et des institutions.

Les interventions peuvent être faites en français, en anglais ou en néerlandais ; les orateurs sont priés d’envoyer un résumé à l’avance aux organisateurs (de préférence en français).

Les participants seront accueillis le vendredi 31 mai 2019, à 9h30, à l’ancien couvent des sœurs noires (Zwartzusterklooster), Pamelekerkplein 4, 9700 Oudenaarde (le long de l’Escaut, voyez : .



Les séances de travail se dérouleront dans la salle de réunion de l’ancien couvent le vendredi 31 mai 2019, à partir de 10h00, et le samedi 1er juin 2019, dès 9h00. Les déjeuners seront pris au centre-ville.

L’assemblée générale de la Société se tiendra le samedi 1er juin 2019, à la fin des séances de travail.

Notre traditionnel diner se déroulera le vendredi soir dans un restaurant de la ville.

Le programme détaillé des journées sera communiqué ultérieurement aux participants, qui sont priés de renvoyer le formulaire d’inscription ci-joint avant le 15 mai 2019 par courriel à guido.lambeets@mil.be ou par courrier à M. Guido Lambeets, Ecole Royale Militaire – SCGW, avenue de la Renaissance 30, 1000 Bruxelles (Belgique).

Afin de nous permettre de dresser le programme définitif du colloque, nous remercions les personnes désireuses de communiquer de faire parvenir leur proposition de communication avant le 15 avril 2019 à Stanislas HORVAT (par courriel: shorvat@skynet.be).

Les frais d'inscription aux journées s'élèvent à 25 € et comprennent la documentation et les pauses-café ; les déjeuners des vendredi et samedi à 30 € chacun. La participation au diner du vendredi soir est de 60 € par personne. Ces sommes sont à verser au moment de l’inscription par virement bancaire européen sur le compte de la Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands picards et wallons:

IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB

En cas de problème à effectuer le paiement par virement préalable, il est possible de payer sur place le premier jour du colloque. Notez que les chèques ne sont plus acceptés en Belgique.

Une liste d’hôtels à Audenarde et un plan de la ville seront envoyés par mail, dès son inscription, à chaque participant. Nous vous invitons à procéder vous-même à votre réservation dès que possible.

Au plaisir de vous rencontrer à Audenarde en mai prochain, nous vous prions d'agréer l'expression de nos sentiments très cordiaux.

Le bureau de la Société,                                                       

La Présidente,            
Emese von BÓNÉ                                                               

Les Vice-Présidents,                                                                                     
Tanguy LE MARC’HADOUR
Michael MILO                                  
Stanislas HORVAT
                       
Le Secrétaire Général,
Christian PFISTER

Le trésorier,
Pascal HEPNER


Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions
des pays flamands, picards et wallons 

Internationale rechtshistorische dagen
OUDENAARDE, 31 mei – 1 juni 2019

Mevrouw, Mijnheer,

De internationale dagen de Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands, picards et wallons zullen dit jaar op 31 mei en 1 juni in Oudenaarde (België) plaatsvinden.

Het thema dat door het bureau van de Société werd weerhouden, is:

« Vie et mort » (“Het leven en de dood”)

Het thema van de Rechtshistorische dagen dekt talrijke aspecten, zowel historische als juridische, van het leven en van de dood. Zo bijvoorbeeld de rituelen en de gebruiken rond het leven en de dood (bv. het doopsel, het kerkelijke of burgerlijke huwelijk, de begrafenis), materies uit het burgerlijk recht (bv. de staat van de persoon, het vermogensrecht, enz.) of uit het strafrecht (de doodstraf, de genade), gevolgen van oorlogen (gesneuvelden, gefusilleerden, uitroeiingskampen enz.) ...

Dit hoofdthema sluit overigens lezingen over andere onderwerpen van rechtsgeschiedenis of van de geschiedenis der instellingen niet uit.

De lezingen kunnen in het Frans, het Engels of het Nederlands doorgaan. De sprekers worden verzocht vooraf een samenvatting aan de organisatoren te bezorgen (bij voorkeur in het Frans).

De deelnemers worden op vrijdag 31 mei 2019 om 9.30u verwacht in het voormalig Zwartzusterklooster van Oudenaarde, Pamelekerkplein 4, 9700 Oudenaarde (langs de Schelde, zie: 
De sessies gaan door in de vergaderzaal van het voormalige Zwartzusterklooster op vrijdag 31 mei vanaf 10 u, en op zaterdag 1 juni vanaf 9 u. De lunches zullen doorgaan in een restaurant in het stadscentrum.

De algemene vergadering van de Société gaat door op zaterdag 1 juni, na afloop van de sessies.

Ons traditioneel diner zal op vrijdagavond in een restaurant in de stad doorgaan.

Het gedetailleerde programma van de dagen zal later aan de deelnemers worden toegezonden. Deelnemers worden verzocht het bijgaand inschrijvingsformulier vóór 15 mei 2019 op te sturen per elektronische post naar guido.lambeets@mil.be of per gewone post aan M. Guido Lambeets, Koninklijke Militaire School – SCGW, Renaissancelaan 30, 1000 Brussel (België).

Met het oog op het vastleggen van het definitieve programma van het colloquium verzoeken wij de kandidaat-sprekers om hun voorgenomen onderwerp met titel vóór 15 april 2019 mee te delen aan Stanislas HORVAT (per e-mail: shorvat@skynet.be).

De inschrijving voor het colloquium bedraagt 25  en dekt de documentatie en de koffiepauzes, de lunches van vrijdag en zaterdag kosten 30 € per persoon per dag. De deelname aan het diner van vrijdagavond kost 60 € per persoon. Gelieve bij de inschrijving het totale bedrag via Europese overschrijving te storten op de rekening van de Société d'histoire du droit et des institutions des pays flamands picards et wallons:

IBAN BE77 7370 5007 1342 - BIC KREDBEBB

Wie moeilijkheden ondervindt om vooraf de overschrijving te verrichten, kan bij aanvang van het colloquium nog ter plaatse betalen. Opgelet: checks worden in België niet meer aanvaard.

Een lijst van hotels en een stadsplan zullen aan elke deelnemer per e-mail worden toegestuurd bij zijn inschrijving. Reserveer zo snel mogelijk uw hotel.

Wij hopen u in Brussel te kunnen verwelkomen in mei eerstkomend. In afwachting groeten wij u alvast heel hartelijk,


Het bureau van de Société,                           

De Voorzitster,          
Emese von BÓNÉ                                       

De Ondervoorzitters,                                                                                   
Tanguy LE MARC’HADOUR        
Michael MILO
Stanislas HORVAT
                       
De Secretaris-generaal,
Christian PFISTER

De Penningmeester,
Pascal HEPNER